Scheduler

The OpenSVC agent embeds a scheduler. The node and each service has a private schedule.

Scheduler Behaviour

The agent postinstall configures a system's scheduler job at a 1 minute period executing the nodemgr schedulers command. This action runs the OpenSVC agent scheduler for the node and each service.

For each task, the scheduler determines if the current time meets the task's schedule definition constraints. If all constraints are met, the task action is run in a subprocess and the last run timestamp is updated.

The schedule definition constraints are expressed as allowed timeranges and minimum period. Example: In 00:00-02:00@120, the timerange is from midnight to 2am, the period is 120 minuntes. Multiple <timerange>@<period> can be defined with the syntax ["00:00-02:00@120", "12:00-14:00@120"]

If an allowed timerange is longer than the system's schedule period, multiple consecutive scheduler run will meet the schedule timerange constraint. If the period is also met (the task has not run in the last <period> minutes), the scheduler rolls a dice and decides if the task is run now, or delayed to a next scheduler run. The probability of deciding to run augments linearly with the current time position in the timerange. For example, with a 00:00-02:00 timerange, at midnight the probability is around 10%. At 01:50 the probabilty is 100%.

This behaviour spreads the tasks execution on all nodes over the whole timerange length. As most tasks, induce communications with the collector, the collector load is leveled.

Any task (except sync tasks) execution in its subprocess is delayed by a random few seconds to level collector load spikes caused by time-synchronized nodes actions being validated at the same time. For example, on a 1000 agent population with pushasset schedule set to 00:00-02:00@120, ~90 agents will execute the action at 00:00. The random delay ensures the collector won't receive all 90 data payloads at the same second.

Display the Schedules

Node Schedule

$ sudo nodemgr print schedule
Action                  Last Run             Config Parameter           Schedule Definition                               
|- auto_reboot          2017-09-30 16:59:19  reboot.schedule            16:00-17:00@1 sat:last,tue-mon:last * %2+1,feb-apr
|- auto_rotate_root_pw  -                    rotate_root_pw.schedule    -
|- checks               2017-10-01 17:43:29  checks.schedule            ["16:00-21:00@30 *:last", "! * wed", "*@1"]
|- collect_stats        2017-10-01 17:42:29  stats_collection.schedule  @10
|- compliance_auto      2017-10-01 00:01:22  compliance.schedule        00:00-01:00@61
|- dequeue_actions      2017-01-30 10:02:01  dequeue_actions.schedule   -
|- pushasset            2017-10-01 00:06:22  asset.schedule             00:00-06:00@361 mon-sun
|- pushbrocade          -                    brocade.schedule           -
|- pushcentera          -                    centera.schedule           -
|- pushdcs              -                    dcs.schedule               -
|- pushdisks            2017-10-01 00:03:22  disks.schedule             00:00-06:00@361 mon-sun
|- pushemcvnx           -                    emcvnx.schedule            -
|- pusheva              -                    eva.schedule               -
|- pushfreenas          -                    freenas.schedule           -
|- pushgcedisks         -                    gcedisks.schedule          -
|- pushhds              -                    hds.schedule               -
|- pushhp3par           -                    hp3par.schedule            -
|- pushibmds            -                    ibmds.schedule             -
|- pushibmsvc           -                    ibmsvc.schedule            -
|- pushnecism           -                    necism.schedule            -
|- pushnetapp           -                    netapp.schedule            -
|- pushnsr              -                    nsr.schedule               -
|- pushpatch            2017-10-01 00:16:01  patches.schedule           00:00-06:00@361 mon-sun
|- pushpkg              2017-10-01 00:12:01  packages.schedule          00:00-06:00@361 mon-sun
|- pushstats            2017-10-01 17:41:29  stats.schedule             ["00:00-23:59@10"]
|- pushsym              -                    sym.schedule               -
|- pushvioserver        -                    vioserver.schedule         -
|- pushxtremio          -                    xtremio.schedule           -
`- sysreport            2017-10-01 00:25:02  sysreport.schedule         00:00-06:00@361 mon-sun

The scheduled tasks can be configured in <OSVCETC>/node.conf with a configlet like:

[<section>]
<parameter> = <definition>

The config parameter column in the nodemgr print schedule output is formatted as:

<section>.<parameter>

And the current definition, explicit or implicit is visible in the schedule definition column. A dash character means never scheduled.

The nodemgr command executed when the schedule constraints are met is displayed in the action column.

The supported schedules are:

  • Node inventoring tasks : pushasset pushpatch pushpkg pushdisks
  • Node performance metrics inventoring : pushstats
  • Node performance metrics collection : collect_stats
  • Node file content tracking task : sysreport
  • Node configuration audit and/or remediation task : compliance_auto
  • Health checking task : checks
  • Scheduled node reboot task : auto_reboot
  • Scheduled root password rotation task : auto_rotate_root_pw
  • Execution of nodemgr actions queued by the collector : dequeue_actions
  • SAN switches inventoring tasks : pushbrocade
  • Storage arrays inventoring tasks : pushcentera pushdcs pushemcvnx pusheva pushfreenas pushhds pushhp3par pushibmds pushibmsvc pushnecism pushnetapp pushsym pushvioserver
  • Backup servers saves index inventoring tasks : pushnsr

Service Schedule

$ sudo svcmgr -s testmd print schedule
Action                  Last Run             Config Parameter          Schedule Definition
|- compliance_auto      2017-10-01 00:09:01  DEFAULT.comp_schedule     00:00-06:00@361
|- push_config          2017-10-01 00:01:02  DEFAULT.push_schedule     00:00-06:00@361
|- push_resinfo         2017-10-01 16:42:29  DEFAULT.resinfo_schedule  @60
|- push_service_status  2017-10-01 17:39:30  DEFAULT.status_schedule   @8
|- resource_monitor     2017-10-01 17:38:02  DEFAULT.monitor_schedule  @2
|- sync_all             2017-10-01 04:00:04  sync#1.schedule           04:00-06:00@121
`- sync_all             2017-10-01 04:00:04  sync#i0.schedule          04:00-06:00@121

The scheduled tasks can be configured in <OSVCETC>/<svcname>.conf with a configlet like:

[<section>]
<parameter> = <definition>

The config parameter column in the svcmgr -s <svcname> print schedule output is formatted as:

<section>.<parameter>

And the current definition, explicit or implicit is visible in the schedule definition column. A dash character means never scheduled.

The svcmgr -s <svcname> command executed when the schedule constraints are met is displayed in the action column.

The supported schedules are:

  • Service configuration audit and/or remediation task : compliance_auto
  • Service configuration inventoring task : push_env
  • Service status inventoring task : push_service_status
  • Service sync resources actions : sync_all

Schedule Definition

The complete and up-to-date schedule syntax reference is available in <OSVCDOC>/node.conf template file.

[!] <timeranges> [<days> [<weeks> [<months>]]]

!
  desc: exclusion pattern. ommiting the ! implies an inclusion
              pattern

<timeranges> := <timerange>[,<timerange>]
  <timerange> := <begin>:<end>@<interval>
    <begin> <end> := <hour>:<minute>
    <interval>
      type: integer
      unit: minutes

<days> := <day>[-<day>][,<day>[-<day>]]
  <day> := <day_of_week>[:<day_of_month>]
    <day_of_week>
       * iso week day format
         type: integer between 0 and 6
       * literal format
         type: string in ("mon", "tue", "wed", "thu", "fri", "sat",
               "sun", "monday", "tuesday", "wednesday", "thursday",
               "friday", "saturday", "sunday")
    <day_of_month> := <literal> | +<nth> | -<nth> | <nth>
       <nth>
         type: integer
       <literal>
         type: string in ("first", "1st", "second", "2nd", "third",
               "3rd", "fourth", "4th", "fifth", "5th", "last")

<weeks> := <week>[-<week>][,<week>[-<week>]]
  <week>
    type: integer between 1 and 53

<months> := <monthrange>[,<monthrange>]
  <monthrange> := <month>[-<month>] | <month_filter>
    <month>
      * numeric month format
        type: integer between 1 and 12
      * literal format
        type: string in ("jan", "feb", "mar", "apr", "may", "jun",
              "jul", "aug", "sep", "oct", "nov", "dec", "january",
              "february", "march", "april", "may", "june", "july",
              "august", "september", "october", "november",
              "december")
    <month_filter> := %<modulo>[+<shift>]
      <modulo>
        type: integer
      <shift>
        type: integer

Schedule Testing

Executing the scheduler code file triggers a test routine.

$ python <OSVCLIB>/rcScheduler.py
passed : test '2015-02-27 10:00' in schedule ''       expected False => result False (no schedule)
passed : test '2015-02-27 10:00' in schedule '@0'     expected False => result False (interval set to 0)
passed : test '2015-02-27 10:00' in schedule '*@0'    expected False => result False (interval set to 0)
passed : test '2015-02-27 10:00' in schedule '*'      expected True => result True
passed : test '2015-02-27 10:00' in schedule '*@61'   expected True => result True
...

You can add your own test in the tests structure at the end of this file.

tests = [
  ("", "2015-02-27 10:00", False),
  ("@0", "2015-02-27 10:00", False),
  ("*@0", "2015-02-27 10:00", False),
  ("*", "2015-02-27 10:00", True),
  ...
]

List entries fields:

  • 0: A schedule definition to test
  • 1: The simulated current time
  • 2: The expected result

Examples

  • Never schedule

    Either `` , or ``@0

  • Always schedule

    *

  • Schedule every 60 minutes

    @59

  • Schedule at first occasion after 9am

    09:00

  • Schedule every hour between midnight and 6am

    00:00-06:00@59

  • Schedule once between midnight and 2am

    00:00-02:00@120

  • Schedule once between midnight and 2am every last day of month

    00:00-02:00@120 *:last or 00:00-02:00@120 *:-1

  • Schedule once between midnight and 2am every last friday of month

    00:00-02:00@120 fri:last or 00:00-02:00@120 fri:-1

  • Schedule once between midnight and 2am every week day

    00:00-02:00@120 mon-fri

  • Schedule once between midnight and 2am every week day from january to february

    00:00-02:00@120 mon-fri * jan-feb

  • Schedule once between midnight and 2am every odd day (1, 3, 5)

    00:00-02:00@120 *:%2+1

  • Schedule once between midnight and 2am every monday of even weeks

    00:00-02:00@120 mon %2